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Falls of Kaaterskill, Oil On Canvas by Thomas Cole (1801-1848, United Kingdom)

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Falls of Kaaterskill

Falls of the Kaaterskill (1826) is oil on canvas painting by the founder of the Hudson River School and American artist Thomas Cole. Born in England, Thomas Cole emigrated to the then British colony of North America when he was 17 and took up a career as a painter, specializing in landscapes and portraits. From 1825 he lived in New York, where he soon gained a reputation as a landscape painter, particularly after a trip along the Hudson River, which he undertook to paint in a number of canvases. This was the start of the Hudson River School which Cole founded and which attracted other artists such as Durand and Church, who worked in a similar style. Cole's generation initiated a truly American style of painting, which developed for the first time in the 19th century and which focused on landscape, genre painting and still-life. The painting (109 x 92 cm) is now in the Private collection.
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Thomas Cole

Thomas Cole was born in Lancashire, England in 1801 but moved to America by the time he was eighteen years old. There Cole began a long and prolific art career, going on to found the American art movement the Hudson River School. The Hudson River School of art was an  artistic movement that flourished throughout much of the 19th century, especially in America where it was founded. It was named thusly because most, if not all, of the early paintings of the movement were of the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding areas, namely the Catskills, Adirondacks and the White Mountains. Eventually more locations would be painted, though the name of the movement remained the same.

Romanticism and Naturalism are important factors in Cole’s work and in the Hudson River School in at large. Sunny Morning on the Hudson River is one of Cole’s Hudson River School paintings. We overlook a valley from high above in the mountains. The Hudson River drifts lazily by in the distance, a thin ribbon of water from high above in the mountains. The early morning sun has not yet fully risen. The bright yellow of sunrise is still on the horizon line, the clouds in the distance glowing a brilliant gold. The morning fog has not yet fully lifted either, the misty fog still hanging in the air like smoke. In the foreground a broken, dead tree reaches feebly upwards. Some other green brush still thrives though, green leaves catching the sun.

Another painting by Cole in the same genre is Peace at Sunset. This is another scene of the Hudson River Valley, though this time it is set at sunset. The beautiful landscape is full of reds and golds reflected off the trees and mountains by the setting sun. Fog rises up off the hills and mingles with clouds in the sky. The creatures are all heading back to their hollows and nests for the night. A flock of birds fly over the crest of a mountain back into the distance. A deer stands underneath a dead tree at the left of the painting looking off in the direction of the setting sun. Another bird sits perched at the very top of another dead tree at the far right of the painting.

Cole was a very important figure in the development of American art and the art of the 19th century. The landscapes of Cole set a standard for American landscape painting for generations to come. Cole’s paintings remain beloved today.

Thomas Cole (February 1, 1801 – February 11, 1848) was an English-born American artist. He is regarded as the founder of the Hudson River School, an American art movement that flourished in the mid-19th century. Cole's Hudson River School, as well as his own work, was known for its realistic and detailed portrayal of American landscape and wilderness, which feature themes of romanticism and naturalism.

He was born in Bolton, Lancashire, England in 1801. In 1818 his family emigrated to the United States, settling in Steubenville, Ohio, where Cole learned the rudiments of his profession from a wandering portrait painter named Stein. However, he had little success painting portraits, and his interest shifted to landscape. Moving to Pittsburgh in 1823 and then to Philadelphia in 1824, where he drew from casts at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, he rejoined his parents and sister in New York City early in 1825.

In New York he sold three paintings to George W. Bruen, who financed a summer trip to the Hudson Valley where he visited the Catskill Mountain House and painted famous Kaaterskill Falls and the ruins of Fort Putnam. Returning to New York he displayed three landscapes in the window of a bookstore; according to the New York Evening Post, this garnered Cole the attention of John Trumbull, Asher B. Durand, and William Dunlap. Among the paintings was a landscape called "View of Fort Ticonderoga from Gelyna". Trumbull was especially impressed with the work of the young artist and sought him out, bought one of his paintings, and put him into contact with a number of his wealthy friends including Robert Gilmor of Baltimore and Daniel Wadsworth of Hartford, who became important patrons of the artist.

Cole was primarily a painter of landscapes, but he also painted allegorical works. The most famous of these are the five-part series, The Course of Empire, which depict the same landscape over generations—from a near state of nature to consummation of empire, and then decline and desolution—now in the collection of the New York Historical Society and the four-part The Voyage of Life. There are two versions of the latter, one at the National Gallery in Washington, D.C., the other at the Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute in Utica, New York. Among Cole's other famous works are the Oxbow (1836) (pictured below), the Notch of the White Mountains, and Daniel Boone at His cabin at the Great Osage Lake. He also painted The Garden of Eden (1828), with lavish detail of Adam and Eve living amid waterfalls, vivid plants, and deer.

Cole influenced his artistic peers, especially Asher B. Durand and Frederic Edwin Church, who studied with Cole from 1844 to 1846. Cole spent the years 1829 to 1832 and 1841-1842 abroad, mainly in England and Italy.

After 1827 Cole maintained a studio at the farm called Cedar Grove in the town of Catskill, New York. He painted a significant portion of his work in this studio. In 1836 he married Maria Bartow of Catskill, a niece of the owner, and became a year-round resident. Thomas and Maria had five children.

Thomas Cole died at Catskill on February 11, 1848. The fourth highest peak in the Catskills is named Thomas Cole Mountain in his honor. Cedar Grove, also known as the Thomas Cole House, was declared a National Historic Site in 1999 and is now open to the public.

 Thomas Cole (1 Février 1801 - Février 11, 1848) était un artiste américain d'origine anglaise. Il est considéré comme le fondateur de la Hudson River School, un mouvement artistique américain qui a prospéré dans le milieu du 19e siècle. Cole Hudson River School, ainsi que son propre travail, était connu pour sa représentation réaliste et détaillée ...

 Thomas Cole (1. Februar 1801 - 11. Februar 1848) war ein englisch-amerikanische Künstlerin geboren. Er gilt als der Begründer der Hudson River School, eine amerikanische Kunstrichtung, die in der Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts blühte angesehen. Cole's Hudson River School, sowie seine eigene Arbeit, wurde für seine realistische und detaillierte Darstell...

 Thomas Cole (1 febbraio 1801 - 11 Febbraio 1848) è stato un artista inglese di origine americana. Egli è considerato il fondatore della Hudson River School, movimento artistico americano che fiorì nella metà del 19 ° secolo. Cole Hudson River School, così come il suo lavoro, era noto per il ritratto realistico e dettagliato del paesaggio americ...

 Thomas Cole (1 feb 1801-11 feb 1848) fue un artista estadounidense nacido en Inglés. Es considerado como el fundador de la Escuela del Río Hudson, un movimiento artístico de América que floreció en el siglo de mid-19th. Hudson River School Cole, así como su propia obra, era conocido por su retrato realista y detallada del paisaje americano y el des...

 Томас Коул (1 февраля 1801 - 11 февраля 1848), английский и американский художник. Он считается основателем школы реки Гудзон, американский арт-движения, которые процветали в середине 19-го века. Хадсон Коул реки школы, а также свою работу, был известен своей реалистичной и подробное изображение американского ландшафта и пустыни, которые представле...

 托马斯· 科尔(1801年2月1日 - 2月11日,1848)是英国出生的美国艺术家。他被视为哈德逊河学校的创始人,美国艺术运动的蓬勃发展在19世纪中叶。科尔的哈得逊河学校,以及自己的工作,被称为美国的景观和荒野,具有浪漫主义和自然的主题及其现实和详细的写照。 他出生于1801年在英国兰开夏郡,博尔顿。他的家人在1818年移居到美国,定居在俄亥俄州Steubenville,科尔那里了解到他的职业的雏形,从一个流浪的肖像画家名为斯坦。然而,他很少有成功的油画肖像,他的兴趣转移到景观。移动在1823年到匹兹堡和费城在1824年,在那里他提请在宾夕法尼亚美术学院的演员,他早在1825年在纽约市重返他的父母和姐姐。 在纽约,他卖掉了三幅乔治· W· Bruen,谁...

 Thomas Cole (01 de fevereiro de 1801 - 11 de fevereiro de 1848) foi um artista Inglês-americano nascido. Ele é considerado o fundador do rio Hudson School, um movimento de arte norte-americana que floresceu em meados do século 19. Hudson River School Cole, bem como seu próprio trabalho, era conhecido por seu retrato realista e detalhado da paisagem...

 トーマス· コール(1801年2月1日 - 1848年2月11日)は、英語生まれのアメリカの芸術家でした。彼はハドソン川の学校、19世紀半ばに栄えたアメリカの芸術運動の創始者と見なされます。 Coleのハドソン川の学校と同様、彼自身の作品は、ロマン主義と自然主義のテーマを備えてアメリカの風景と自然、その現実的かつ詳細な描写で知られていました。 彼は1801年にボルトン、ランカシャー州、イギリスで生まれました。 1818年に彼の家族はスチューベン、コールはスタインという放浪肖像画家から彼の職業の基礎を学び、オハイオ州に定住し、米国に移住した。しかし、彼は少し成功した絵画の肖像画を持っていて、彼の興味は風景に移行した。彼はペンシルバニア美術アカデミーでキャストから描いたところ、182...