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The Flower Seller, 1894 by Henri De Toulouse Lautrec (1864-1901, France)

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Henri De Toulouse Lautrec

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa or simply Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (French pronunciation: ​[ɑ̃ʁi də tuluz loˈtʁɛk]; 24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901) was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman, and illustrator, whose immersion in the colourful and theatrical life of Paris in the late 1800s yielded a collection of exciting, elegant and provocative images of the modern and sometimes decadent life of those times. Toulouse-Lautrec is known along with Cézanne, Van Gogh, and Gauguin as one of the greatest painters of the Post-Impressionist period. In a 2005 auction at Christie's auction house a new record was set when La blanchisseuse, an early painting of a young laundress, sold for $22.4 million U.S.

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa was born at the chateau de Malromé near Albi, Tarn in the Midi-Pyrénées région of France, the firstborn child of Comte Alphonse de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa and Adèle Tapié de Celeyran. He was therefore a member of an aristocratic family (descendants of the Counts of Toulouse and Lautrec and the Viscounts of Montfa, a village and commune of the Tarn department of southern France). A younger brother was born on 28 August 1867, but died the following year.

After the death of his brother his parents separated and a nanny took care of Henri. At the age of eight, Henri went to live with his mother in Paris where he drew sketches and caricatures in his exercise workbooks. The family quickly realised that Henri's talent lay in drawing and painting, and a friend of his father, Rene Princeteau visited sometimes to give informal lessons. Some of Henri's early paintings are of horses, a speciality of Princeteau, and something he later visited in his 'Circus Paintings'.

In 1875 Henri returned to Albi because his mother recognised his health problems. He took thermal baths at Amélie-les-Bains and his mother consulted doctors in the hope of finding a way to improve her son's growth and development.

Henri's parents, the Comte and Comtesse, were first cousins (Henri's two grandmothers were sisters) and Henri suffered from congenital health conditions traditionally attributed to inbreeding.

At the age of 13, Henri fractured his right thigh bone, and at 14, the left. The breaks did not heal properly. Modern physicians attribute this to an unknown genetic disorder, possibly pycnodysostosis (also sometimes known as Toulouse-Lautrec Syndrome), or a variant disorder along the lines of osteopetrosis, achondroplasia, or osteogenesis imperfecta. Rickets aggravated with praecox virilism has also been suggested. His legs ceased to grow, so that as an adult he was only 1.54 m (5 ft 1 in) tall, having developed an adult-sized torso, while retaining his child-sized legs, which were 0.70 m (27.5 in) long. He is reported to have had hypertrophied genitals.

Physically unable to participate in many activities typically enjoyed by men of his age, Toulouse-Lautrec immersed himself in art. He became an important Post-Impressionist painter, art nouveau illustrator, and lithographer; and recorded in his works many details of the late-19th-century bohemian lifestyle in Paris. Toulouse-Lautrec contributed a number of illustrations to the magazine, Le Rire during the mid-1890s.

After failing college entrance exams, Henri passed at his second attempt and completed his studies. During a stay in Nice, his progress in painting and drawing impressed Princeteau, who persuaded his parents to let him return to Paris and study under the acclaimed portrait painter Léon Bonnat. Henri's mother had high ambitions and, with the aim of Henri becoming a fashionable and respected painter, used the family influence to get him into Bonnat's studio.

Toulouse-Lautrec was drawn to Montmartre, the area of Paris famous for its bohemian lifestyle and the haunt of artists, writers, and philosophers. Studying with Bonnat placed Henri in the heart of Montmartre, an area he rarely left over the next 20 years. After Bonnat took a new job, Henri moved to the studio of Fernand Cormon in 1882 and studied for a further five years and established the group of friends he kept for the rest of his life. At this time he met Émile Bernard and Van Gogh. Cormon, whose instruction was more relaxed than Bonnat's, allowed his pupils to roam Paris, looking for subjects to paint. In this period Toulouse-Lautrec had his first encounter with a prostitute (reputedly sponsored by his friends), which led him to paint his first painting of prostitutes in Montmartre, a woman rumoured to be called Marie-Charlotte.

With his studies finished, in 1887 he participated in an exposition in Toulouse using the pseudonym "Tréclau", an anagram of the family name 'Lautrec'. He later exhibited in Paris with Van Gogh and Louis Anquetin. The Belgian critic Octave Maus invited him to present eleven pieces at the Vingt (the Twenties) exhibition in Brussels in February. Vincent van Gogh's brother, Theo bought 'Poudre de Riz' (Rice Powder) for 150 francs for the Goupil & Cie gallery.

From 1889 until 1894, Henri took part in the "Independent Artists' Salon" on a regular basis. He made several landscapes of Montmartre. At this time the 'Moulin Rouge' opened. Tucked deep into Montmartre was the garden of Monsieur Pere Foret, where Toulouse-Lautrec executed a series of pleasant plein-air paintings of Carmen Gaudin, the same red-head model who appears in The Laundress (1888). When the Moulin Rouge cabaret opened, Toulouse-Lautrec was commissioned to produce a series of posters. His mother had left Paris, and while Henri had a regular income from his family, making posters offered him a living of his own. Other artists looked down on the work, but Henri was so aristocratic he did not care. The cabaret reserved a seat for him, and displayed his paintings. Among the well-known works that he painted for the Moulin Rouge and other Parisian nightclubs are depictions of the singer Yvette Guilbert; the dancer Louise Weber, known as the outrageous La Goulue ("The Glutton"), who created the "French Can-Can"; and the much more subtle dancer Jane Avril.

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec's family were Anglophiles, and while he wasn't as fluent as he pretended to be, he spoke English well enough to travel to London. The business of making posters led Henri to London, gaining him work that led to the making of the 'Confetti' poster, and the bicycle advert 'La Chaîne Simpson'.

While in London he met and befriended Oscar Wilde, and when Wilde faced imprisonment in Britain, Henri was a very vocal supporter. Toulouse-Lautrec's portrait of Wilde was done the same year as Wilde's trial.

Lautrec was mocked for his short stature and physical appearance which led him to drown his sorrows in alcohol. At first this was beer and wine, but his tastes expanded. He was one of the notable Parisians who enjoyed American-style cocktails, France being a nation of wine purists. He had parties at his house on Friday nights and forced his guests to try them. The invention of the cocktail "Earthquake" or Tremblement de Terre is attributed to Toulouse-Lautrec: a potent mixture containing half absinthe and half cognac (in a wine goblet, 3 parts Absinthe and 3 parts Cognac, sometimes served with ice cubes or shaken in a cocktail shaker filled with ice).

In 1893, Lautrec's alcoholism began to take its toll, and as those around him realized the seriousness of his condition there were rumours of a syphilis infection. In 1899, his mother and some concerned friends had him briefly institutionalised. He even had a cane that he could hide alcohol in so he could have a drink on him at all times.

An alcoholic for most of his adult life, Toulouse-Lautrec was placed in a sanatorium shortly before his death. He died from complications due to alcoholism and syphilis at the family estate in Malromé at the age of 36. He is buried in Verdelais, Gironde, a few kilometres from the Château Malromé, where he died.

Toulouse-Lautrec's last words reportedly were: "Le vieux con!" ("The old fool!", although the word "con" can be meant in both simple and vulgar terms). This was his goodbye to his father. Although in another version he used the word "hallali", a term used by huntsmen for the moment the hounds kill their prey, "I knew, papa, that you wouldn't miss the death." ("Je savais, papa, que vous ne manqueriez pas l'hallali").

After Toulouse-Lautrec's death, his mother, the Comtesse Adèle Toulouse-Lautrec, and Maurice Joyant, his art dealer, promoted his art. His mother contributed funds for a museum to be created in Albi, his birthplace, to house his works. The Toulouse-Lautrec Museum owns the world's largest collection of works by the painter.

Throughout his career, which spanned less than 20 years, Toulouse-Lautrec created 737 canvases, 275 watercolours, 363 prints and posters, 5,084 drawings, some ceramic and stained glass work, and an unknown number of lost works. His debt to the Impressionists, in particular the more figurative painters Manet and Degas, is apparent. His style was influenced by the classical Japanese woodprints which became popular in art circles in Paris. In his works can be seen parallels to Manet's detached barmaid at A Bar at the Folies-Bergère and the behind-the-scenes ballet dancers of Degas. He excelled at capturing people in their working environment, with the colour and the movement of the gaudy night-life present but the glamour stripped away. He was masterly at capturing crowd scenes in which the figures are highly individualized. At the time that they were painted, the individual figures in his larger paintings could be identified by silhouette alone, and the names of many of these characters have been recorded. His treatment of his subject matter, whether as portraits, scenes of Parisian night-life, or intimate studies, has been described as both sympathetic and dispassionate.

Toulouse-Lautrec's skilled depiction of people relied on his painterly style which is highly linear and gives great emphasis to contour. He often applied the paint in long, thin brushstrokes which would often leave much of the board on which they are painted showing through. Many of his works may best be described as drawings in coloured paint.

Toulouse-Lautrec has been the subject of a few biographical films and has been portrayed briefly in others:

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa or simply Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901) was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman, and illustrator, whose immersion in the colourful and theatrical life of fin de siècle Paris yielded an œuvre of exciting, elegant and provocative images of the modern and sometimes decadent life of those times. Toulouse-Lautrec is known along with Cézanne, Van Gogh, and Gauguin as one of the greatest painters of the Post-Impressionist period. In a 2005 auction at Christie's auction house a new record was set when La blanchisseuse, an early painting of a young laundress, sold for $22.4 million U.S.

Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa was born at the chateau de Malromé near Albi, Tarn in the Midi-Pyrénées région of France, the firstborn child of Comte Alphonse de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa and Adèle Tapié de Celeyran. He was therefore a member of an aristocratic family (descendants of the Counts of Toulouse and Lautrec and the Viscounts of Montfa, a village and commune of the Tarn department of southern France). A younger brother was also born to the family on 28 August 1867, but died the following year.

After the death of his brother his parents separated and a nanny took care of Henri through this time. At the age of 8, Henri left to live with his mother in Paris. Here he started to draw his first sketches and caricatures in his exercise workbooks. The family quickly came to realise that Henri's talent lay with drawing and painting, and a friend of his father named Rene Princeteau visited sometimes to give informal lessons. Some of Henri's early paintings are of horses, a speciality of Princeteau, and something that he would later visit with his 'Circus Paintings'.

In 1875 Henri returned to Albi because his mother recognised his health problems. He took thermal baths at Amélie-les-Bains and his mother consulted doctors in the hope of finding a way to improve her son's growth and development.

The Comte and Comtesse themselves were first cousins (Henri's two grandmothers being sisters) and Henri suffered from a number of congenital health conditions attributed to this tradition of inbreeding.

At the age of 13, Henri fractured his right thigh bone, and at 14, the left. The breaks did not heal properly. Modern physicians attribute this to an unknown genetic disorder, possibly pycnodysostosis (also sometimes known as Toulouse-Lautrec Syndrome), or a variant disorder along the lines of osteopetrosis, achondroplasia, or osteogenesis imperfecta. Rickets aggravated with praecox virilism has also been suggested. His legs ceased to grow, so that as an adult he was only 1.54 m (5 ft 1 in) tall, having developed an adult-sized torso, while retaining his child-sized legs, which were 0.70 m (27.5 in) long. He is also reported to have had hypertrophied genitals.

Physically unable to participate in most of the activities typically enjoyed by men of his age, Toulouse-Lautrec immersed himself in his art. He became an important Post-Impressionist painter, art nouveau illustrator, and lithographer; and recorded in his works many details of the late-19th-century bohemian lifestyle in Paris. Toulouse-Lautrec also contributed a number of illustrations to the magazine Le Rire during the mid-1890s.

After initially failing his college entrance exams, Henri passed upon his second attempt and completed his studies. During his stay in Nice, his progress in painting and drawing impressed Princeteau, who persuaded Henri's parents to let him return to Paris and study under the acclaimed portrait painter Léon Bonnat. Henri's mother had high ambitions and, with aims of Henri becoming a fashionable and respected painter, she used the family influence to get Henri into Bonnat's studio.

Toulouse-Lautrec was drawn to Montmartre, an area of Paris famous for its bohemian lifestyle and for being the haunt of artists, writers, and philosophers. Studying with Bonnat placed Henri in the heart of Montmartre, an area that he would rarely leave over the next 20 years. After Bonnat took a new job, Henri moved to the studio of Fernand Cormon in 1882 and studied for a further five years, here making the group of friends he would keep for the rest of his life. It was at this period in his life he first met Émile Bernard and Van Gogh. Cormon, whose instruction was more relaxed than Bonnat's, allowed his pupils to roam Paris, looking for subjects to paint. In this period Toulouse-Lautrec had his first encounter with a prostitute, reputedly sponsored by his friends, and this led him to paint his first painting of the prostitutes of Montmartre, a woman rumoured to be called Marie-Charlotte.

With his studies finished, in 1887 he participated in an exposition in Toulouse under the pseudonym "Tréclau", an anagram of the family name 'Lautrec'. He later exhibited in Paris with Van Gogh and Louis Anquetin. The Belgian critic Octave Maus invited him to present eleven pieces at the Vingt (the Twenties) exhibition in Brussels in February. The brother of Vincent van Gogh, Theo van Gogh bought 'Poudre de Riz' (Rice Powder) at the price of 150 francs for the Goupil & Cie gallery.

From 1889 until 1894, Henri took part in the "Independent Artists' Salon" on a regular basis. He made several landscapes of Montmartre. It was in this era that the 'Moulin Rouge' opened. Tucked deep into Montmartre was the garden of Monsieur Pere Foret, where Toulouse-Lautrec executed a series of pleasant plein-air paintings of Carmen Gaudin, the same red-head model who appears in The Laundress (1888). When the nearby Moulin Rouge cabaret opened its doors, Toulouse-Lautrec was commissioned to produce a series of posters. His mother had left Paris and while Henri still had a regular income from his family, making posters offered him a living of his own. Other artists looked down on the work, but Henri was so aristocratic he did not care. Thereafter, the cabaret reserved a seat for him, and displayed his paintings. Among the well known works that he painted for the Moulin Rouge and other Parisian nightclubs are depictions of the singer Yvette Guilbert; the dancer Louise Weber, known as the outrageous La Goulue ("The Glutton"), who created the "French Can-Can"; and the much more subtle dancer Jane Avril.

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec came from a family of Anglophiles, and while he wasn't as fluent as he pretended to be, he spoke English well enough to travel to London. The business of making posters led Henri to London, gaining him work that led to the making of the 'Confetti' poster, and the bicycle advert 'La Chaîne Simpson'.

It was during his time in London that he met and befriended Oscar Wilde, and when Wilde faced imprisonment in Britain, Henri was a very vocal supporter. Toulouse-Lautrec's portrait of Wilde was done the same year as Wilde's trial.

Lautrec was often mocked for his short stature and physical appearance, and this led him to drown his sorrows in alcohol. At first this was just beer and wine, but his tastes quickly expanded. He was one of the notable Parisians who enjoyed American style cocktails, France being a nation of wine purists. He would have parties at his house on a Friday night and force his guests to try them. The invention of the cocktail "Earthquake" or Tremblement de Terre is attributed to Toulouse-Lautrec; a potent mixture containing half absinthe and half cognac (in a wine goblet, 3 parts Absinthe and 3 parts Cognac, sometimes served with ice cubes or shaken in a cocktail shaker filled with ice).

1893 saw Lautrec's alcoholism begin to take its toll, and as those around him began to realise the seriousness of his condition there were rumours of a syphilis infection. Finally, in 1899, his mother and a group of concerned friends had him briefly institutionalised. He had even gone to the length of having a cane that he could hide alcohol in so he could have a drink on him at all times.

An alcoholic for most of his adult life, Toulouse-Lautrec was placed in a sanatorium shortly before his death. He died from complications due to alcoholism and syphilis at the family estate in Malromé at the age of 36. He is buried in Verdelais, Gironde, a few kilometres from the Château Malromé, where he died.

Toulouse-Lautrec's last words reportedly were: "Le vieux con!" ("The old fool!", although the word "con" can be meant in both simple and vulgar terms). This was his goodbye to his father. Although another version has him saying, using the word "hallali" which is used by huntsmen for the moment the hounds kill their prey, "I knew, papa, that you wouldn't miss the death." ("Je savais, papa, que vous ne manqueriez pas l'hallali").

After Toulouse-Lautrec's death, his mother, the Comtesse Adèle Toulouse-Lautrec, and Maurice Joyant, his art dealer, promoted his art. His mother contributed funds for a museum to be created in Albi, his birthplace, to house his works. The Toulouse-Lautrec Museum now owns the world's largest collection of works by the painter.

Throughout his career, which spanned fewer than 20 years, Toulouse-Lautrec created 737 canvases, 275 watercolours, 363 prints and posters, 5,084 drawings, some ceramic and stained glass work, and an unknown number of lost works. His debt to the Impressionists, in particular the more figurative painters Manet and Degas, is apparent. His style was also influenced by the classical Japanese woodprints which became popular in art circles in Paris. In the works of Toulouse-Lautrec can be seen many parallels to Manet's detached barmaid at A Bar at the Folies-Bergère and the behind-the-scenes ballet dancers of Degas. He excelled at capturing people in their working environment, with the colour and the movement of the gaudy night-life present but the glamour stripped away. He was masterly at capturing crowd scenes in which the figures are highly individualized. At the time that they were painted, the individual figures in his larger paintings could be identified by silhouette alone, and the names of many of these characters have been recorded. His treatment of his subject matter, whether as portraits, scenes of Parisian night-life, or intimate studies, has been described as both sympathetic and dispassionate.

Toulouse-Lautrec's skilled depiction of people relied on his painterly style which is highly linear and gives great emphasis to contour. He often applied the paint in long, thin brushstrokes which would often leave much of the board on which they are painted showing through. Many of his works may best be described as drawings in coloured paint.

 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, né le 24 novembre 1864 à Albi et mort le 9 septembre 1901 au château Malromé, est un peintre et lithographe français de la fin du XIXe siècle. Fils du comte Alphonse de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (1838-1913) et d'Adèle Tapié de Celeyran (1841-1930), il grandit entre Albi, le château du Bosc (demeure de ses grands-parents) et ...

 Граф Анри́ Мари́ Раймо́н де Тулу́з-Лотре́к-Монфа́ (фр. Henri Marie Raymond comte de Toulouse-Lautrec Monfa [ɑ̃ʁi də tuluz loˈtʁɛk] 24 ноября 1864, Альби — 9 сентября 1901, замок Мальроме, Жиронда) — французский художник-постимпрессионист из графского рода Тулуз-Лотреков, мастер графики и рекламного плаката. Анри де Тулуз-Лотрек родился 24 ноября 1...

 Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa, né le 24 novembre 1864 à Albi et mort le 9 septembre 1901 au château Malromé, est un peintre et lithographe français de la fin du XIXe siècle. Jeunesse Fils d'Alphonse, comte Alphonse de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (1838-1913) et d'Adèle Tapié de Celeyran (1841-1930), il grandit entre Albi, le château du Bo...

 Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (* 24. November 1864 in Albi † 9. September 1901 auf Schloss Malromé, Gironde) war ein französischer Maler und Grafiker des Post-Impressionismus im ausgehenden 19. Jahrhundert. Berühmt geworden ist er für die Plakate, die er unter anderem für das Pariser Varieté Moulin Rouge am Montmartre anfertigte. H...

 Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa oder einfach Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (24 November 1864 - 9. September 1901) war ein Französisch Maler, Grafiker, Zeichner und Illustrator, dessen Eintauchen in die bunte und Theaterleben des Fin de Siècle Paris ergab ein œuvre von spannenden, elegant und provokativen Bildern der modernen und manchmal ...

 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (Albi, 24 novembre 1864 – Saint-André-du-Bois, 9 settembre 1901) è stato un pittore francese, tra le figure più significative dell'arte del tardo Ottocento. Divenne un importante artista post-impressionista, illustratore e litografo e registrò nelle sue opere molti dettagli dello stile di vita bohémien della Parigi di fine...

 Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa o semplicemente Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (24 novembre 1864 - 9 settembre 1901) è stato un pittore francese, incisore, disegnatore e illustratore, la cui immersione nella vita colorata e teatrale di fin de siècle Paris ha prodotto un'opera di immagini emozionanti, elegante e provocatorio della vita mode...

 Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa o, simplemente, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (24 noviembre 1864 a 9 septiembre 1901) fue un pintor francés, grabador, dibujante e ilustrador, cuya inmersión en la vida de colores y de teatro de fin de siglo en París produjo una obra de imágenes emocionantes, elegante y provocativa de la vida moderna y deca...

 Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Montfa, conde de Toulouse-Lautrec-Montfa, conocido simplemente como Toulouse Lautrec o Lautrec (Hôtel du Bosc, Albi, 24 de noviembre de 1864 - Malromé, 9 de septiembre de 1901) fue un pintor y cartelista francés que se destacó por su representación de la vida nocturna parisiense de finales del siglo XIX. Se l...

 Анри Мари Раймон де Тулуз-Лотрек-Monfa или просто Анри де Тулуз-Лотрек (24 ноября 1864 - 9 сентября 1901), французский живописец, гравер, рисовальщик, и иллюстратор, чьи погружение в красочную и театральной жизни конца века в Париже дали творчество интересно, элегантные и провокационные образы современных, а иногда и декадентской жизни тех времен. ...

 亨利·德·土魯斯-羅特列克(Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa,簡稱Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec,1864年11月24日-1901年9月9日),法國貴族、後印象派畫家、近代海報設計與石版畫藝術先驅,為人稱作「蒙馬特之魂」。羅特列克承襲印象派畫家奧斯卡-克勞德·莫內、卡米耶·畢沙羅等人畫風,以及日本浮世繪之影響,開拓出新的繪畫寫實技巧。他擅長人物畫,對象多為巴黎蒙馬特一帶的舞者、女伶、妓女等中下階層人物。其寫實、深刻的繪畫不但深具針砭現實的意涵,也影響日後巴勃罗·毕加索等畫家的人物畫風格。 在繪畫上的成就以外,羅特列克以新概念創作之彩色海報帶動了海報設計的創新;他使用當時少用的石版畫技術,捨棄傳統西方繪畫的透視法,轉...

 玛丽· 雷蒙德· 亨利· 图卢兹 - 劳特累克Monfa或简单的亨利· 德· 图卢兹 - 劳特累克(1864年11月24日 - 1901年9月9日)是一位法国画家,版画家,制图员,插画,其浸泡在巴黎世纪末的丰富多彩的文艺生活产生了一个令人兴奋的,优雅的和挑衅性的图像这些次现代化,有时颓废生活的全部作品。图卢兹 - 劳特累克与塞尚,梵高,高更被称为后印象派时期最伟大的画家之一。成立香格里拉blanchisseuse,一个年轻的洗衣妇的早期绘画,22.4亿美元出售美国在2005年在克里斯蒂拍卖行拍卖的新纪录 玛丽· 雷蒙德· 亨利· 图卢兹 - 劳特累克,Monfa出生在法国南部 - 比利牛斯地区附近...

 Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa ou simplesmente Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (24 de novembro de 1864 - 9 de Setembro de 1901) foi um pintor francês, gravador, desenhista e ilustrador, cuja imersão na vida colorida e teatral de fin de siècle Paris produziu uma obra de imagens emocionantes, elegante e provocante da vida moderna e, por veze...

 Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec Monfa (Albi, 24 de Novembro de 1864 — Saint-André-du-Bois, 9 de Setembro de 1901) foi um pintor pós-impressionista e litógrafo francês, conhecido por pintar a vida boêmia de Paris do final do século XIX. Sendo ele mesmo um boêmio, faleceu precocemente aos 36 anos de sífilis e alcoolismo. Trabalhou por menos d...

 アンリ· マリー· レイモンド· ド· トゥールーズ· ロートレック-Monfaまたは単にアンリ· ド· トゥールーズ· ロートレック(1864年11月24日 - 1901年9月9日)は、フランスの画家版画家、素描家、イラストレーター、世紀末パリのカラフルな演劇生活の中で、その浸当時の近代的な、時には退廃的な生活の刺激的な、エレガントで挑発的な画像の全作品をもたらした。トゥールーズ· ロートレックは、ポスト印象派の時代の最も偉大な画家の一人として、セザンヌ、ゴッホ、ゴーギャンと一緒に知られています。ラblanchisseuse、若い洗濯屋の初期の絵は、米国2240万ドルで販売されたとき...

 アンリ・ド・トゥルーズ=ロートレック(ロトレック)(Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1864年11月24日 - 1901年9月9日)は、19世紀のフランスの画家。日本では慣習的に「ロートレック」で呼ばれるが、正しくは「トゥルーズ=ロートレック(ロトレック)」でひとつの姓である。 南仏のアルビで生まれる。トゥールーズ=ロートレックの生家は、フランスの名家であり、伯爵家である。祖先は9世紀のシャルルマーニュ時代までさかのぼることができる。父のアルフォンス伯は、奇妙な服装をするなど、変わり者で有名であった。 トゥールーズ=ロートレックは、幼少期には「小さな宝石(プティ・ビジュー、仏: Petit Bijou)」と呼ばれて家中から可愛がられて育ったが、13歳の時に左の大腿骨を、...