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Cantoria, Marble by Luca Della Robbia (1399-1483, Italy)

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Luca Della Robbia

Luca della Robbia (1399/1400–1482) was an Italian sculptor from Florence, noted for his terra-cotta roundels.

Luca Della Robbia developed a pottery glaze that made his creations more durable in the outdoors and thus suitable for use on the exterior of buildings. His work is noted for its charm rather than the drama of the work of some of his contemporaries. Two of his famous works are The Nativity, circa 1460 and Madonna and Child, circa 1475. He is the first of a dynasty of important pottery artists: Andrea della Robbia (his nephew) and Giovanni della Robbia (his grandnephew, son of Andrea).

Della Robbia was praised by his compatriot Leon Battista Alberti for genius comparable to that of the sculptors Donatello and Lorenzo Ghiberti, the architect Filippo Brunelleschi, and the painter Masaccio. By ranking him with contemporary artists of this stature, Alberti reminds us of the interest and strength of Luca's work in marble and bronze, as well as in the terra-cottas always associated with his name.

There are no certain details of Luca della Robbia's youth, training, or early sculpture, and many of his most popular later works cannot be dated absolutely. He was born in Florence Italy.

His first documented commission, the Cantoria ("Singing Gallery"; 1431–1438) for the Cathedral of Florence proves that he must have been an accomplished artist long before joining the Sculptors Guild in 1432. The Singing Gallery shows children singing, dancing, and making music to "praise the Lord" in the words of Psalm 150. Their figures are at once lively, finely observed, and gracefully combined in groups designed to fit the ten panels of the gallery.

In the next two decades della Robbia executed important commissions in marble and bronze: a series of marble reliefs (1437) for the bell tower of the Cathedral of Florence; a marble and enameled terra-cotta tabernacle (1443), now in S. Maria in Peretola; bronze angels to enrich the Singing Gallery; and, in collaboration with Michelozzo, the large project of bronze doors for the Sacristy of the Cathedral. These doors were not finished until 1469; their reliance on a few figures placed in simple, orderly compositions against a flat ground, contrasts sharply with the elaborate pictorial effects of Lorenzo Ghiberti's more famous Baptistery doors.

His earliest surviving freestanding sculpture is the white tin-glazed terracotta Visitation in the church of San Giovanni Fuoricivitas of Pistoia, dating to 1445. Although the date of della Robbia's first work in colored glazed terra-cotta is not known, his control of this medium was clearly enough recognized to justify two major commissions for the duomo of Florence: the large reliefs of the Resurrection (also from 1445) and the Ascension of Christ (1446). The pliant medium of baked clay covered with a "slip" of vitrified lead and refined minerals permitted a lustrous, polished surface capable of reflecting light and using color that was beautifully appropriate for architectural sculpture. Whether animating the vast, somber space of the Cathedral or in the series Twelve Apostles gracing the pristine surfaces of the small Pazzi Chapel (1443–1450) in Florence, della Robbia's reliefs in this medium achieved a perfection never before or since attained.

Working with assistants, including members of his own family, della Robbia produced a number of decorative reliefs and altarpieces until the end of his life. One of the finest and richest examples is the enameled terra-cotta ceiling (1466) of the Chapel of the Cardinal of Portugal in S. Miniato, Florence.

Luca della Robbia died in Florence during February of 1483.

 Luca della Robbia (Luca di Simone di Marco della Robbia), est un sculpteur et un céramiste italien, né à Florence en 1400 et mort en 1481, oncle du céramiste Andrea della Robbia et le fondateur de l'atelier des Della Robbia. Selon Vasari (dans Le Vite), Luca naquit... Né dans une famille de teinturiers (robbia signifie « garance » en toscan), il co...

 Luca della Robbia (* um 1400 in Florenz † 1481 ebd.) war ein italienischer Bildhauer der Familie Della Robbia. Er gehörte mit Lorenzo Ghiberti und Donatello zu den Begründern der Frührenaissance in Florenz. Luca wurde in eine Florentiner Familie geboren, die das Färberhandwerk ausübte (Robbia, lateinisch Rubia tinctorum, ist der italienische Name ...

 Luca della Robbia (Firenze, 1399/1400 circa – Firenze, 1482) è stato uno scultore, ceramista e orafo italiano. Fu una artista legato al classicismo più puro, caratterizzato da uno stile di grande rigore formale e grande cura nelle rifiniture e i dettagli. Oggi è soprattutto noto per aver perfezionato la tecnica della terracotta invetriata, dando l'...

 Luca Della Robbia, escultor y ceramista italiano. Nació en Florencia en 1400 y murió en 1482. Según Giorgio Vasari, Luca nació en el año 1388 en la casa de sus antepasados que se encontraba debajo de la iglesia de San Bernabé en Florencia. Fue educado, conforme a las costumbres de la época, hasta que aprendió no solo a leer, sino también a escribir...

 Luca della Robbia (Florença, 1400-1482) foi um dos mais importantes escultores e ceramistas da Renascença italiana. Foi o fundador de uma dinastia de artistas que se especializaram na arte da cerâmica esmaltada e vitrificada, seguindo uma técnica que ele desenvolveu, que ao mesmo tempo era decorativa e protetora do barro cozido contra o desgaste pe...

 ルカ・デッラ・ロッビア(Luca della Robbia, 1400年 - 1481年)は、フィレンツェ出身のイタリアの彫刻家。テラコッタの丸皿で知られる。ルカ以降、デッラ・ロビア家は土器芸術家の名門となり、甥のアンドレア・デッラ・ロッビア、その子ジョヴァンニ・デッラ・ロッビアを輩出した。ルーカ・デラ・ロッビアとも表記される。 ルカが若い頃どこで修行したのか、また、初期の作品はもとより、後年のほとんどの作品もいつ作られたのか、その正確な日付はわかっていない。確かなのは、フィレンツェで生まれたということくらいである。 ルカのことが最初に記録に現れるのは、サンタ・マリア・デル・フィオーレ大聖堂のために作った『カントリア』(別名『歌う見物人』。1431年 - 1438年)を作ったことで、1432...