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Salomon, Oil by Pedro Berruguete (1450-1504, Spain)

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Pedro Berruguete

Pedro Berruguete (c. 1450 – 1504) was a Spanish painter; his art is regarded as a transitional style between gothic and Renaissance. Berruguete painted famous paintings of the Inquisition. Born in Paredes de Nava, Spain, he went to Italy in 1480 and worked in Federico III da Montefeltro's court in Urbino, where he could see some works by Melozzo da Forlì. Here he painted the Portrait of Federico da Montefeltro with His Son Guidobaldo (c. 1475), now at the Galleria nazionale delle Marche.

He returned to Spain in 1482 and painted in several cities, such as Sevilla, Toledo and Ávila. He was the father of an important sculptor, Alonso Berruguete, considered the most important sculptor in Renaissance Spain.

Works from his first stage (between 1470 and 1471) include Verification of the cross of Christ in the Church of San Juan de Paredes de Nava and the Adoration of the Magi in the Alvarez Fisa collection.

In his second stage he travelled in Italy. There is little documentation of the work of Berruguete at this time, and there are controversies as to authorship. Particularly remarkable is the Portrait of Federico da Montefeltro and his son Guidobaldo (Gallery of the Marches, Ducal Palace in Urbino), and the series of Famous Men, distributed among several museums, including the Louvre. This stay in Italy would have been interrupted by a return trip to Paredes de Nava in 1478 for marriage, after which hew returned to Italy.

His masterpieces are the paintings of the kings of Judah, noting especially King David, which are situated on the high altar of the church of Santa Eulalia de Paredes de Nava (Palencia). Despite archaic elements (frontal composition, gold background), they are a gallery of portraits of intense realism.

Many of his best works can be seen in different localities of the province of Palencia: The Adoration of the Magi, The Annunciation of St. Mary in the parish of Santa Maria Museum of Becerril de fields; The Suitors of the Virgin and The Crucifixion in the Diocesan Museum of Palencia; The Lamentation over the body of Christ in the Cathedral of Palencia.

In the Church of the Assumption, Santa Maria del Campo (Burgos) are preserved two important works from this period: Beheading of the Baptist and the Baptism of Christ, which formed part of an altarpiece of the life of the Baptist, datable between 1483 and 1485, being among the first works of this third stage. Innovations in composition and perspective learned in Italy are evident in these two works. In Beheading, Berruguete used as background architecture inspired by the work of his contemporary Francesco Laurana in Urbino.

The Annunciation of the Cartuja de Miraflores is notable for the detail in objects and interesting set of perspectives, which creates a perfect illusion of space. In all these works the figures are highly individualized, and mastery of space, perspective and composition is enriched with an accurate sense of design and a wise use of color.

Berruguete's last assignment was the high altar of the Cathedral of Avila, which he was unable to finish due to his death. He painted for this work of late Gothic architecture several paintings of episodes from the life of Christ for the altarpiece, and figures of patriarchs for the predella. These paintings, perhaps reflecting the prevailing style in Castile at the time, use gold backgrounds and somewhat rigid compositions. The figures are of a more robust and monumental form than in previous works, perhaps in order to stand out in the distance of the main chapel. After the master's death the altarpiece was completed by Juan de Borgoña.

In 2003, to commemorate the fifth centenary of the painter's death, he was the subject of an exhibition in his hometown, Paredes de Nava, which brought together the best of his paintings and clarified some aspects of his life and work.

 Pedro Berruguete (Paredes de Nava, Palencia, v. 1450 - Ávila, v. 1504) est un peintre espagnol. Francisco de Holanda le désigne comme l'un des quatre "Aigles" de la Renaissance espagnole, avec Diego de Siloé, Bartolomé Ordóñez et Pedro Machuca. Formé dans l'atelier du peintre Fernando Gallego, son œuvre montre l'influence flamande de Van Eyck. De 1...

 Pedro Berruguete (* 1450 in Paredes de Nava, heute Provinz Palencia † 1504) war ein spanischer Maler. Er wird einer Übergangsphase zwischen der Gotik und der Renaissance zugerechnet. Pedro Berruguete kam in Paredes de Nava, Spanien zur Welt. Im Jahre 1480 reiste er nach Italien und arbeitete am Hofe von Federico da Montefeltros Hof in Urbino. Hier...

 Pedro Berruguete (Paredes de Nava, 1450 circa – Ávila, 1504 circa) è stato un pittore spagnolo. Nato nella cittadina spagnola di Paredes de Nava, in provincia di Palencia, si formò nella cerchia di Fernando Gallegos, dimostrando fin dalle prime opere una chiara ascendenza fiamminga, in particolare legata al realismo di Jan van Eyck. I traffici con ...

 Pedro Berruguete (Paredes de Nava, Palencia ~1450 - 1503) fue un pintor español, situado en la transición del estilo Gótico a la pintura renacentista. La mención a un «Pietro Spagnuolo pittore» trabajando en Urbino en 1477, hizo que, desde 1927, se identificase al así llamado con Pedro Berruguete, suponiendo una formación y estancia italiana del pi...

 Педро Берругете (исп. Pedro Berruguete ок. 1450, Паредес-де-Нава — 1503 или 1504, там же) — испанский художник, наиболее яркая фигура испанского искусства эпохи перехода от готики к Возрождению. По предположениям, учился живописи в Саламанке у Фернандо Гальего. В молодости отправился в Италию, где работал под покровительством Федериго да Монтефель...

 Pedro Berruguete (Paredes de Nava, Palência, 1450 - 1504) foi um pintor espanhol cuja arte é considerada um estilo de transição entre a arte do Gótico e o Renascimento. Nascido em Paredes de Nava, Espanha, foi para Itália em 1480 e trabalhou na corte de Federico da Montefeltro em Urbino. Voltou para Espanha em 1482 e pintou em várias cidades como S...