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The 363 Artworks of Lucas Cranach The Elder

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Venus and Cupid 1Venus and Cupid 1Lucas Cranach The Elder

Renaissance scholars attributed to Theocrites, the 3rd century BC Greek poet, the fable that recounts how Cupid, having been stung by bees when stealing honey, complained to his mother Venus about the pain produced by such small animals. To which she replied that he too was small and that the wounds...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Venus and CupidVenus and CupidLucas Cranach The Elder

Cranach painted many slant-eyed, narrow-waisted, high-breasted nudes with highly charged eroticism. These nudes - depicted to order or almost mass-produced - came in life-size as this Venus and Cupid, or practically pocket-size.

Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (Germany)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Apollo and Diana in the Wood 1Apollo and Diana in the Wood 1Lucas Cranach The Elder

Cranach, like his contemporary Albrecht Dürer, was a dominant figure in German Renaissance painting. The influence of both artists was pervasive, although Cranach had the advantage of outliving Dürer by as much as thirty years. At the start of his career he was active in Munich and Vienna, but in 15...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Reclining NymphReclining NymphLucas Cranach The Elder

Translation of the inscription upper left: 'I am the nymph of the sacred fountain. Do not interrupt my sleep as I am resting.' In addition to religious subjects and portraits, Cranach also painted mythological scenes which drew on the new Protestant thinking, resulting in some very unusual interpret...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Young Mother with ChildYoung Mother with ChildLucas Cranach The Elder

Young Mother with Child is an oil on wood painting by the German Renaissance painter Lucas Cranach the Elder. The painting (60 x 37 cm) is now in the collection of the Wartburgstifung, Eisenach.

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Self-PortraitSelf-PortraitLucas Cranach The Elder

Lucas Cranach the Elder (Lucas Cranach der Ältere, 4 October 1472 – 16 October 1553) was a German Renaissance painter and printmaker in woodcut and engraving. He was court painter to the Electors of Saxony for most of his career, and is known for his portraits, both of German princes and those of th...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - The Fountain of YouthThe Fountain of YouthLucas Cranach The Elder

Cranach's painting is about the human yearning for immortality and eternal youth. Human beings dream of being young again, of leaving the worn outer shell and exchanging it for a new one. The notion of the cleansing power of the elements, especially of water, is as old as humankind itself. The centr...

Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (Germany)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - The CrucifixionThe CrucifixionLucas Cranach The Elder

This is the earliest known painting of Cranach, executed for the Schottenkirche in Vienna. Cranach's style was fully formed and underwent little development after about 1515, and the highly finished, mass-produced paintings after that date suffer by comparison with the more individual works he paint...

Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna, Austria)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Cupid complaining to Venus.Cupid complaining to Venus.Lucas Cranach The Elder

The Reclining River Nymph at the Fountain (1518, Leipzig) inaugurated a long series of paintings of Venus, Lucretia, the Graces, the judgment of Paris, and other subjects that serve as pretexts for the sensuous female nude, in which Cranach appears as a kind of 16th-century Francois Boucher. The nai...

National Gallery (London, United Kingdom)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - The Rest on the Flight into EgyptThe Rest on the Flight into EgyptLucas Cranach The Elder

The Virgin has settled down to rest in a meadow on the edge of a forest. Supported by her, the child Jesus reaches out for the strawberries which an angel is offering him. Another angel is drawing water from a spring, a third is bringing a bird, while others sit in the grass and make music. Joseph, ...

Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (Germany)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Adam and Eve 6Adam and Eve 6Lucas Cranach The Elder

Lucas Cranach, who was to become court painter to the Elector of Saxony, performed other tasks for a livelihood before this honour was bestowed upon him. He was for a time a pharmacist, a burgomaster of Wittenberg, and the director of a factory for the production of pictures. He may have turned to d...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Adam and EveAdam and EveLucas Cranach The Elder

To the rigorous, perfectly Renaissance Dürer, troubled by the question of the proportions of the human body, Cranach, in his nudes, responds by freeing himself from every rule and from any observation of anatomical accuracy. His figures are elongated out of all proportion, seem boneless and are show...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Katharina von BoraKatharina von BoraLucas Cranach The Elder

Katharina von Bora (1499-1552) was a German Catholic nun. She was a significant participant in the Protestant Reformation, and later became the wife of Martin Luther. It in now in the Staatliche Museen, Berlin.

Stiftung Stadtmuseum (Berlin, Germany)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - A Princess of SaxonyA Princess of SaxonyLucas Cranach The Elder

There is a companion piece showing a prince. The two children, dressed in characteristic Saxon costumes of the finest type, have been thought to be brother and sister, perhaps the children of Duke George the Bearded. The crown worn by the boy, however, signifies his engagement to be married, and the...

National Gallery of Art (Washington, United States)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - The Judgment of ParisThe Judgment of ParisLucas Cranach The Elder

The Kiss is probably Gustav Klimt’s most famous work. It is also the high point of the artist’s Gold Period, which was characterized by his use of gold leaf in his work. This painting is one in which Klimt deviated from his portrayal of dominant in women in the form of a femme fatale. Instead is the...

Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, United States)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Johannes CarionJohannes CarionLucas Cranach The Elder

Johannes Carion (Joanis Carionis, 1499-1537) was a historian and court astrologer for Elector Joachim I. He wrote, with the support of Melanchtons, a well respected word chronicle, Chronica (Wittenberg, 1532).

Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (Germany)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Judith with the head of HolofernesJudith with the head of HolofernesLucas Cranach The Elder

Judith with the Head of Holofernes (c. 1530), (Oil on wood, 87 x 56 cm) is in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. The robe of Judith represents the fashion of the 1530s, known from other portraits of Cranach.

Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna, Austria)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Portrait of Dr. Johannes CuspinianPortrait of Dr. Johannes CuspinianLucas Cranach The Elder

Johannes Spiessheimer (Cuspinian) was a scholar in the court of the Emperor Maximilian I, himself a writer, who made Vienna, through its chancellery and university, the leading humanist city in Germany. This oil on wood painting (59 x 45 cm) is now in the Oscar Reinhardt Collection, Winterthur.

Oskar Reinhart Collection (Switzerland)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Portrait of Anna CuspinianPortrait of Anna CuspinianLucas Cranach The Elder

Cranach composed the portraits Dr. Cuspinian and his wife as a pair. This is apparent in the continuity of the landscape behind the elegantly dressed couple. The trees at the edges of the painting, on the left and right of the figures, are placed so that their branches form an arch, imparting an air...

Oskar Reinhart Collection (Switzerland)
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Lucas Cranach The Elder - St. GeorgeSt. GeorgeLucas Cranach The Elder

These two panels, painted on both sides, depict a total of four saints. The panels are probably the wings of a triptych whose central panel is now lost. It was commissioned by the Duke of Saxony, who is portrayed with his wife in the lower half of the panels. One of the inside panels depicts St Eliz...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - CharityCharityLucas Cranach The Elder

The nude Caritas, or Charity, is surrounded by three children. In this way, the protestant Cranach imbued his subject with a quality of motherly love, despite the fact that he is more concerned with the female body than the emblematic aspect of the subject. Cranach's nudes are immediately recognisab...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Judith VictoriousJudith VictoriousLucas Cranach The Elder

The Jagdschloss Grunewald is a relatively modest hunting lodge in Berlin begun by the Kurfurst Joachim II of Brandenburg in the early sixteenth century. It is located in the woods, close to the city's suburbs. Many Dutch, Flemish, and German painting - mostly dating between the sixteenth and early e...

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Lucas Cranach The Elder - Amorous Old Woman and Young ManAmorous Old Woman and Young ManLucas Cranach The Elder

Amorous Old Woman and Young Man (1520-22), (Wood, 37 x 37,5 cm) is now in the Szépmûvészeti Múzeum, Budapest. Cranach painted more than a dozen portraits of non-matching couples. However, this is the only representation in which the man is the younger. The painting is not erotic rather grotesque.