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List of 32 Classicism Famous Artists Painters

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Gustav Klimt

Gustav Klimt (1862 - 1918) - Austria (Baumgarten)

Art Nouveau, Symbolism, Realism, Neo-Classicism, Romanticism

What follows is an illustrative list of a selection of Gustav Klimt's paintings and represents a chronological look at some of his main pictorial production. The arrangement is ordered by year and title, with brief comments and showing the Austrian painter's progress in artistic development. More......


Nicolas Poussin

Nicolas Poussin (1594 - 1665) - France (Near Les Andelys)

Classicism, Baroque

Nicolas Poussin (French: [nikɔlɑ pusɛ̃] June 1594 – 19 November 1665) was the leading painter of the classical French Baroque style, although he spent most of his working life in Rome. Most of his works were on religious and mythological subjects painted for a small group of Italian and French collectors. He returned to Paris for a brief period to ......


Edgar Degas

Edgar Degas (1834 - 1917) - France (Paris)

Impressionism, Realism, Neo-Classicism, Fauvism

Edgar Degas (US: /deɪˈɡɑː/ or UK: /ˈdeɪɡɑː/ born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas, French: [ilɛːʁ ʒɛʁmɛ̃ ɛdɡaʁ də ɡɑ] 19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance more than half of his works depict dancers. He is regarded as one of......


Georges Pierre Seurat

Georges Pierre Seurat (1859 - 1891) - France (Paris)

Post-Impressionism, Pointillism, Neo-Classicism, Impressionism

Georges-Pierre Seurat (French: [ʒɔʁʒ pjɛʁ sœʁa] 2 December 1859 – 29 March 1891) was a French post-Impressionist painter and draftsman. He is noted for his innovative use of drawing media and for devising the painting techniques known as chromoluminarism and pointillism. Seurat's artistic personality was compounded of qualities which are usually su......


Kazimir Severinovich Malevich

Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (1879 - 1935) - Ukraine (Kiev Governorate Of Russian Empire)

Suprematism, Cubism, Geometric Abstract Art, Expressionism, Fauvism, Symbolism, Abstract Art, Pointillism, Cubo-Futurism, Naive Art / Primitivism, Post-Impressionism, Neo-Classicism, Realism, Constructivism

Kazimir Severinovich Malevich[nb 1] (February 23 [O.S. 11] 1879 –May 15, 1935) was a Russian avant-garde artist and art theorist, whose pioneering work and writing had a profound influence on the development of non-objective, or abstract art, in the 20th century. His concept of Suprematism sought to develop a form of expression that moved as far as......


Jacques Louis David

Jacques Louis David (1748 - 1800) - France (Paris)

Neo-Classicism, Neo-Classicism

Jacques-Louis David (French: [ʒaklwi david] 30 August 1748 – 29 December 1825) was a French painter in the Neoclassical style, considered to be the preeminent painter of the era. In the 1780s his cerebral brand of history painting marked a change in taste away from Rococo frivolity toward classical austerity and severity and heightened feeling, har......


Giorgio De Chirico

Giorgio De Chirico (1888 - 1978) - Greece (Volos)

Metaphysical Art, Neo-Baroque, Cubism, Neo-Classicism, Surrealism

Giorgio de Chirico (Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo deˈkiːriko] 10 July 1888 – 20 November 1978) was an Italian artist and writer. In the years before World War I, he founded the scuola metafisica art movement, which profoundly influenced the surrealists. After 1919, he became interested in traditional painting techniques, and worked in a neoclassical or neo-Ba......


William Hogarth

William Hogarth (1697 - 1764) - United Kingdom (London)

Classicism, Rococo

William Hogarth FRSA (/ˈhoʊɡɑːrθ/ 10 November 1697 – 26 October 1764) was an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist. His work ranged from realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called "modern moral subjects", perhaps best known being his moral series A Harlot's Progress, A Rake......


William Adolphe Bouguereau

William Adolphe Bouguereau (1825 - 1905) - France (La Rochelle)

Neo-Classicism, Realism

William-Adolphe Bouguereau (French pronunciation: ​[wijam.adɔlf buɡ(ə)ʁo] 30 November 1825 – 19 August 1905) was a French academic painter. In his realistic genre paintings he used mythological themes, making modern interpretations of classical subjects, with an emphasis on the female human body. During his life he enjoyed significant popularity in......


Joshua Reynolds

Joshua Reynolds (1723 - 1792) - United Kingdom (Plympton)

Rococo, Neo-Classicism, Baroque

Sir Joshua Reynolds RA FRS FRSA (16 July 1723 – 23 February 1792) was an English painter, specialising in portraits. John Russell said he was one of the major European painters of the 18th century. He promoted the "Grand Style" in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect. He was a founder and first president of the Royal Academy of ......


Thomas Gainsborough

Thomas Gainsborough (1727 - 1788) - United Kingdom (Sudbury)

Rococo, Classicism, Romanticism

Thomas Gainsborough FRSA (14 May 1727 (baptised) – 2 August 1788) was an English portrait and landscape painter, draughtsman, and printmaker. He surpassed his rival Sir Joshua Reynolds to become the dominant British portraitist of the second half of the 18th century. He painted quickly, and the works of his maturity are characterised by a light pal......


Giovanni Battista Piranesi

Giovanni Battista Piranesi (1720 - 1778) - Italy (Mogliano Veneto)

Neo-Classicism, Classicism

Giovanni Battista (also Giambattista or Piranesi) (Italian pronunciation: [dʒoˈvanni batˈtista piraˈneːzi] 4 October 1720 – 9 November 1778) was an Italian artist famous for his etchings of Rome and of fictitious and atmospheric "prisons" (Le Carceri d'Invenzione). Piranesi was born in Mogliano Veneto, near Treviso, then part of the Republic of Ven......


Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (1780 - 1867) - France (Montauban)

Neo-Classicism, Neo-Classicism

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (French: [ʒɑnoɡyst dominik ɛ̃ɡʁ] 29 August 1780 – 14 January 1867) was a French Neoclassical painter. Ingres was profoundly influenced by past artistic traditions and aspired to become the guardian of academic orthodoxy against the ascendant Romantic style. Although he considered himself a painter of history in the tra......


Diego Rivera

Diego Rivera (1886 - 1957) - Mexico (Guanajuato)

Naive Art / Primitivism, Social Realism, Realism, Art Deco, Neo-Classicism, Cubism, Surrealism

Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez, known as Diego Rivera (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈdjeɣo riˈβeɾa] December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957) was a prominent Mexican painter. His large frescoes helped establish the Mexican mural movement in Mexican art. Between 1922 and 1953, Rivera paint......


John William Godward

John William Godward (1861 - 1922) - United Kingdom (Wimbledon)

Neo-Classicism, Neo-Classicism

John William Godward (9 August 1861 – 13 December 1922) was an English painter from the end of the Neo-Classicist era. He was a protégé of Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, but his style of painting fell out of favour with the rise of modern art. He committed suicide at the age of 61 and is said to have written in his suicide note that "the world is not bi......


Karl Pavlovich Bryullov

Karl Pavlovich Bryullov (1799 - 1852) - Russia (St. Petersburg)

Neo-Classicism, Romanticism, Orientalism

Karl Pavlovich Bryullov (Russian: Карл Па́влович Брюлло́в 12 December 1799 – 11 June 1852), original name Charles Bruleau, also transliterated Briullov or Briuloff and referred to by his friends as "The Great Karl"[citation needed], was a Russian painter. He is regarded as a key figure in transition from the Russian neoclassicism to romanticism. Ka......


Benjamin West

Benjamin West (1738 - 1820) - United States (Springfield)

Neo-Classicism, Neo-Classicism

Benjamin West PRA (October 10, 1738 – March 11, 1820) was an Anglo-American history painter around and after the time of the American War of Independence and the Seven Years' War. He was the second president of the Royal Academy in London, serving from 1792 to 1805 and 1806 to 1820.He was offered a knighthood by the British Crown, but declined it, ......


John William Waterhouse

John William Waterhouse (1849 - 1917) - Italy (Rome)

Romanticism, Pre-Raphaelites, Neo-Classicism

John William Waterhouse RA (6 April 1849 – 10 February 1917) was an English painter known for working first in the Academic style and for then embracing the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood's style and subject matter. His artworks were known for their depictions of women from both ancient Greek mythology and Arthurian legend. Born in Rome to English pare......


Franz Xaver Winterhalter

Franz Xaver Winterhalter (1805 - 1873) - Germany (Menzenschwand)

Academicism, Neo-Classicism, Romanticism

Franz Xaver Winterhalter (20 April 1805 – 8 July 1873) was a German painter and lithographer, known for his portraits of royalty in the mid-19th century. His name has become associated with fashionable court portraiture. Among his best known works are Empress Eugénie Surrounded by her Ladies in Waiting (1855) and the portraits he made of Empress El......


Elisabeth-Louise Vigée-Lebrun

Elisabeth-Louise Vigée-Lebrun (1755 - 1842) - France (Paris)

Neo-Classicism, Neo-Classicism

Élisabeth Louise Vigée Le Brun (16 April 1755 – 30 March 1842), also known as Madame Lebrun or Madame Le Brun, was a prominent French portrait painter of the late eighteenth century. Her artistic style is generally considered part of the aftermath of Rococo with elements of an adopted Neoclassical style. Her subject matter and color palette can be ......


Mario Sironi

Mario Sironi (1885 - 1961) - Italy (Sassari)

Futurism, Metaphysical Art, Cubism, Modernism, Neo-Classicism

Mario Sironi (May 12, 1885 – August 13, 1961) was an Italian modernist artist who was active as a painter, sculptor, illustrator, and designer. His typically somber paintings are characterized by massive, immobile forms. He was born in Sassari on the island of Sardinia. His father was an engineer his maternal grandfather was the architect and sculp......


John Singleton Copley

John Singleton Copley (1738 - 1815) - United Kingdom (Boston)

Neo-Classicism, Romanticism

John Singleton Copley RA (1738 – September 9, 1815) was an Anglo-American painter, active in both colonial America and England. He was probably born in Boston, Massachusetts, to Richard and Mary Singleton Copley, both Anglo-Irish. He is famous for his portrait paintings of wealthy and influential figures in colonial New England, depicting in partic......


Konstantin Yegorovich Makovsky

Konstantin Yegorovich Makovsky (1839 - 1915) - Russia (Moscow)

Realism, Romanticism, Neo-Classicism

Konstantin Yegorovich Makovsky (Russian: Константин Егорович Маковский June 20 [O.S. July 2] 1839 —September 17 [O.S. September 30] 1915) was an influential Russian painter, affiliated with the "Peredvizhniki (Wanderers)". Many of his historical paintings, such as Beneath the Crown (1889) also known as The Russian Bride's Attire and Before the Wedd......


Antonio Canova

Antonio Canova (1757 - 1822) - Italy (Possagno)

Neo-Classicism, Neo-Classicism

Antonio Canova (Italian pronunciation: [anˈtɔːnjo kaˈnɔːva] 1 November 1757 – 13 October 1822) was an Italian Neoclassical sculptor, famous for his marble sculptures. Often regarded as the greatest of the Neoclassical artists, his artwork was inspired by the Baroque and the classical revival, but avoided the melodramatics of the former, and the col......


Anton Raphael Mengs

Anton Raphael Mengs (1728 - 1779) - Czech Republic (Ústí Nad Labem)

Neo-Classicism, Neo-Classicism

Anton Raphael Mengs (March 22, 1728 – June 29, 1779) was a German Bohemian painter, active in Rome, Madrid and Saxony, who while painting in the Rococo period of the mid-17th century became one of the precursors to Neoclassical painting that replaced Rococo as the dominant painting syle. Mengs was born in 1728 at Ústí nad Labem (German: Aussig) in ......


François Hubert Drouais

François Hubert Drouais (1727 - 1775) - France (Paris)

Neo-Classicism, Neo-Classicism

François-Hubert Drouais (December 14, 1727 – October 21, 1775) a leading French painter during the later part of Louis XV's reign. Drouais was born and died in Paris. He was apprenticed successively to his father Hubert Drouais, to Donat Nonnotte, to Charles-André van Loo, to Charles-Joseph Natoire, and to François Boucher. He eventually replaced t......


Baron Antoine Jean Gros

Baron Antoine Jean Gros (1771 - 1835) - France (Paris)

Neo-Classicism, Romanticism

Antoine-Jean Gros (16 March 1771 – 25 June 1835), titled as Baron Gros in 1824, was a French painter. His work was in the genres of history and neoclassical painting. Gros studied under Jacques-Louis David in Paris and began an independent artistic career during the French Revolution. Forced to leave France, he moved to Genoa and witnessed the near......


Pierre-Paul Prud'hon

Pierre-Paul Prud'hon (1758 - 1823) - France (Cluny)

Romanticism, Neo-Classicism

Pierre-Paul Prud'hon (April 4, 1758 – February 16, 1823) was a French Romantic painter and draughtsman best known for his allegorical paintings and portraits such as Madame Georges Anthony and Her Two Sons. In particular, he painted a portrait of both of Napoleon's wives. He was an early influence on Théodore Géricault. Pierre-Paul Prud'hon was bor......


John Vanderlyn

John Vanderlyn (1775 - 1852) - United Kingdom (Kingston)

Neo-Classicism, Neo-Classicism

John Vanderlyn (October 15, 1776 – September 23, 1852) was an American neoclassicist painter. Vanderlyn was born at Kingston, New York, and was the grandson of colonial portrait painter Pieter Vanderlyn. He was employed by a print-seller in New York, and was first instructed in art by Archibald Robinson (1765–1835), a Scotsman who was afterwards on......


Rembrandt Peale

Rembrandt Peale (1778 - 1860) - United States (Bucks County)

Neo-Classicism, Neo-Classicism

Rembrandt Peale (February 22, 1778 – October 3, 1860) was an American artist and museum keeper. A prolific portrait painter, he was especially acclaimed for his likenesses of presidents George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. Peale's style was influenced by French Neoclassicism after a stay in Paris in his early thirties. Rembrandt Peale was born t......


Vladimir Lukich Borovikovsky

Vladimir Lukich Borovikovsky (1757 - 1825) -

Rococo, Neo-Classicism

Vladimir Lukič Borovikovskij, in russo: Владимир Лукич Боровиковский? e in ucraino Володимир Лукич Боровиковський, pseudonimo di Vоlоdymyr Borovyk (Mirgorod, 24 luglio 1757 – San Pietroburgo, 18 aprile 1825), è stato un pittore russo, nato in Ucraina e celebre soprattutto per la carriera di ritrattista. Vladimir Borovikovskij nacque come Vоlоdymyr ......


Angelica Kauffman (Maria Anna Angelika)

Angelica Kauffman (Maria Anna Angelika) -

Neo-Classicism, Neo-Classicism


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